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Usage in English
In English, demonstratives can be distinguished in the number of objects ("this" and "that" = one; "these" and "those" = many) and distance to the speaker ("This" and "these" = near; "that" and "those" = far). Thus they are four main demonstratives.
Usage in Tigrigna
Demonstratives are used in the almost exact same way as in English. The only difference is that with Tigrigna there is an additional differentiation for gender. This doubles the amount of demonstratives from four in English to eight in Tigrigna, with one male and female version for each of the English ones. Please memorize them.
Here are some Tigrigna examples of these demonstratives with their English translations (the demonstratives are underlined in each one):